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Regulation of Lysosomal Function by Organelle Sodium and Potassium Channels

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Air date: Monday, December 21, 2015, 12:00:00 PM
Time displayed is Eastern Time, Washington DC Local
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Category: Neuroscience
Runtime: 00:59:20
Description: NIH Neuroscience Seminar Series

Cellular excitability influences essentially every aspect of life, from fertilization to breathing and heart beating. The major interests of Dr. Ren’s lab concern the regulation of cellular excitability, neuronal network activity and animal behavior by ion channels, G-protein coupled receptors, tyrosine kinases and calcium signaling. A recent focus in the lab is to study the molecular mechanisms of neuronal excitability control by extracelular ions and peptide neurotransmitters. Significant changes in extracellular Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]e) can happen in certain brain areas during physiological and pathological conditions such as seizures and brain ischemia. They are interested in understanding at the molecular level how neurons sense the [Ca2+]e changes, how the information is transmitted to the intracellular second messenger system, and how neuronal circuit function is affected by the signaling. Numerous neuropeptides are used by the nervous systems as chemical signals to regulate physiological processes such as feeding, rewarding, pain sensation, arousal and wakefulness. They are interested in how several neuropeptides influence the electrical properties of individual neurons in various brain regions and spinal cord. Along this line, they discovered a novel ion channel activation mechanism by G-protein coupled receptors: it is independent of G-protein activation but requires the Src family of tyrosine kinases and two largely uncharacterized proteins UNC79 and UNC80. Current efforts in this project focus on uncovering how the receptor activation is coupled to channel opening and how such signaling events contribute to the intrinsic properties of neurons under physiological and pathophysiological conditions.

Another area of research in the lab concerns rhythm generation. All animals display long-period rhythmic behaviors such as circadian rhythm (~ 24 hours), as well as ones with shorter periods such as locomotion, heart beating, and breathing (milliseconds to seconds). They are interested in the molecular mechanisms underlying the generation and modulation of the "short-period" rhythms. They use an integrative approach to study the physiological problems. At the molecular level, they use molecular biology and protein chemistry to study channel proteins and their associated partners. They use electrophysiology methods to record the electrical activities from a single molecule (single channel recording), a whole cell, or a nerve bundle. At the cellular level, they use high-speed fluorescence confocal microscopy to image dynamics of ions and protein molecules inside the cells. At the systems level, they modify the genomes of animals and study the consequences of such modifications on whole organism physiology and behavior.
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NLM Title: Regulation of lysosomal function by organelle sodium and potassium channels / Dejian Ren.
Author: Ren, Dejian.
National Institutes of Health (U.S.),
Publisher:
Abstract: (CIT): Cellular excitability influences essentially every aspect of life, from fertilization to breathing and heart beating. The major interests of Dr. Ren"s lab concern the regulation of cellular excitability, neuronal network activity and animal behavior by ion channels, G-protein coupled receptors, tyrosine kinases and calcium signaling. A recent focus in the lab is to study the molecular mechanisms of neuronal excitability control by extracelular ions and peptide neurotransmitters. Significant changes in extracellular Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]e) can happen in certain brain areas during physiological and pathological conditions such as seizures and brain ischemia. They are interested in understanding at the molecular level how neurons sense the [Ca2+]e changes, how the information is transmitted to the intracellular second messenger system, and how neuronal circuit function is affected by the signaling. Numerous neuropeptides are used by the nervous systems as chemical signals to regulate physiological processes such as feeding, rewarding, pain sensation, arousal and wakefulness. They are interested in how several neuropeptides influence the electrical properties of individual neurons in various brain regions and spinal cord. Along this line, they discovered a novel ion channel activation mechanism by G-protein coupled receptors: it is independent of G-protein activation but requires the Src family of tyrosine kinases and two largely uncharacterized proteins UNC79 and UNC80. Current efforts in this project focus on uncovering how the receptor activation is coupled to channel opening and how such signaling events contribute to the intrinsic properties of neurons under physiological and pathophysiological conditions. Another area of research in the lab concerns rhythm generation. All animals display long-period rhythmic behaviors such as circadian rhythm (~ 24 hours), as well as ones with shorter periods such as locomotion, heart beating, and breathing (milliseconds to seconds). They are interested in the molecular mechanisms underlying the generation and modulation of the "short-period" rhythms. They use an integrative approach to study the physiological problems. At the molecular level, they use molecular biology and protein chemistry to study channel proteins and their associated partners. They use electrophysiology methods to record the electrical activities from a single molecule (single channel recording), a whole cell, or a nerve bundle. At the cellular level, they use high-speed fluorescence confocal microscopy to image dynamics of ions and protein molecules inside the cells. At the systems level, they modify the genomes of animals and study the consequences of such modifications on whole organism physiology and behavior.
Subjects: Lysosomes--physiology
Potassium Channels
Sodium Channels
Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase--physiology
Publication Types: Lecture
Webcast
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Caption Text: Download Caption File
NLM Classification: QU 350
NLM ID: 101676573
CIT Live ID: 17433
Permanent link: https://videocast.nih.gov/watch=17433