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Advanced Medical Imaging Developments and Applications for Neuroscience Research

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Air date: Thursday, June 9, 2011, 8:15:00 AM
Time displayed is Eastern Time, Washington DC Local
Views: Total views: 170 * This only includes stats from October 2011 and forward.
Category: Conferences
Runtime: 06:43:05
Description: Neurobiologists have utilized advanced molecular biological assays and immunohistochemistry to better identify the cause and progression of neurological diseases and disorders. However, these techniques are limited because they are required to be performed on biopsied or postmortem brain samples and therefore lack broad clinical applicability.

Medical imaging modalities such as MRI/MRS, PET, CT and optical imaging, as well as their co-modalities, have enabled real-time visualization of the structure and function of the central nervous system in live subjects. Because they do not require biopsied or postmortem samples, most of these technologies are routinely used in clinics and offer minimally-invasive means to detect structural, metabolic and physiologic processes of the brain in action for research and clinical purposes. The development of novel imaging technologies requires strong knowledge and background in chemistry, physics and engineering. For example, chemists synthesize specialized radiopharmaceuticals, contrast agents and probes to improve image contrast and detect cellular targets. Engineers design coils/sensors with different geometries to maximize signal-to-noise for specific areas of interest. Physicists develop specialized pulse sequences and data processing algorithms to acquire and interpret data with good image resolution in order to gain insights into neural structure, function and activity.

Numerous synergistic research efforts across disciplinary borders have produced stunning advances in understanding the brain in health and illness. This symposium brings together leaders in this interdisciplinary science to demonstrate the fruits of such efforts and the promise that imaging continues to hold for transforming human neuroscience.

For more information, visit: http://guest.cvent.com/d/gdq6fc
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NLM Title: Advanced medical imaging developments and applications for neuroscience research / NCRR.
Author: National Center for Research Resources (U.S.)
Publisher:
Abstract: (CIT): Neurobiologists have utilized advanced molecular biological assays and immunohistochemistry to better identify the cause and progression of neurological diseases and disorders. However, these techniques are limited because they are required to be performed on biopsied or postmortem brain samples and therefore lack broad clinical applicability. Medical imaging modalities such as MRI/MRS, PET, CT and optical imaging, as well as their co-modalities, have enabled real-time visualization of the structure and function of the central nervous system in live subjects. Because they do not require biopsied or postmortem samples, most of these technologies are routinely used in clinics and offer minimally-invasive means to detect structural, metabolic and physiologic processes of the brain in action for research and clinical purposes. The development of novel imaging technologies requires strong knowledge and background in chemistry, physics and engineering. For example, chemists synthesize specialized radiopharmaceuticals, contrast agents and probes to improve image contrast and detect cellular targets. Engineers design coils/sensors with different geometries to maximize signal-to-noise for specific areas of interest. Physicists develop specialized pulse sequences and data processing algorithms to acquire and interpret data with good image resolution in order to gain insights into neural structure, function and activity. Numerous synergistic research efforts across disciplinary borders have produced stunning advances in understanding the brain in health and illness. This symposium brings together leaders in this interdisciplinary science to demonstrate the fruits of such efforts and the promise that imaging continues to hold for transforming human neuroscience.
Subjects: Central Nervous System Diseases--diagnosis
Diagnostic Imaging
Publication Types: Congress
Webcasts
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NLM Classification: WL 141
NLM ID: 101565224
CIT Live ID: 10265
Permanent link: https://videocast.nih.gov/launch.asp?16712