||The emerging field of proteomics encompasses an enormous range of studies. The goal of this meeting is to receive guidance on the most compelling opportunities and challenges in proteomics, and their priorities, in order for the Institutes to provide the most benefit to the biomedical research community. This workshop is not intended to result in recommendations for specific initiatives, such as RFAs, but rather a wider vision of what is needed in the field over the next decade. This vision will provide the context for the Institutes to make decisions about specific programs and initiatives. We will have participation from leaders in the fields of biology, medicine, and technology, who are prepared to discuss and debate proteomics and how it relates to the mission of NHGRI, NCI, and NIGMS.