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Demystifying Medicine - Encephalitis and the Immune System

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Air date: Tuesday, February 11, 2020, 4:00:00 PM
Time displayed is Eastern Time, Washington DC Local
Views: Total views: 209 (84 Live, 125 On-demand)
Category: Demystifying Medicine
Runtime: 01:20:21
Description: Demystifying Medicine Lecture Series

Encephalitis, the inflammation of the brain, can be brought on by viral, bacterial and fungal infections, autoimmune diseases, and immunosuppression. Many diseases causing encephalitis are transmitted by mosquitos and ticks. As such, encephalitis is sadly pervasive, affecting more than 4 million people annually worldwide and causing upwards of 150,000 deaths. Symptoms range from mild headaches and nausea to debilitating seizures, hallucinations, and difficulty speaking and remembering.

The patient volunteers at the NIH Clinical Center, many of whom are immunocompromised, are at a heightened risk for encephalitis. Immunotherapies and other treatments raise the risk even higher. Nath, clinical director at the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, and Smith, a staff clinician in the NINDS Section of Infections of the Nervous System, are at the front lines in protecting these patients while they are on NIH protocols.

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Author: Bryan Smith, M.D., NINDS, NIH and Avindra Nath, M.D., NINDS, NIH
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CIT Live ID: 35580
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