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Medicine: Mind the Gap is a seminar series that explores research design, measurement, intervention, data analysis, and other methods of interest to prevention science. About this Seminar: Prevention is often viewed as the cornerstone of pediatrics and child health. This view is supported by the tremendous advances in the prevention of infectious diseases and even some non-chronic conditions, such as many types of injuries. Infectious disease prevention has resulted largely from advances in immunizations and the use of preventive medication. Injury deaths have largely been reduced by advances in environmental health and engineering, and not through clinical services. Despite these recognized advances, there are still significant gaps in our understanding of pediatric clinical preventive services, largely in the domains of screening asymptomatic children and providing behavioral interventions to improve healthful activities. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has identified a number of key evidence gaps in these areas and issued a call for research to close these gaps. This seminar will focus on the evidence gaps in children’s clinical preventive services and will address how these gaps might be filled through a combination of different study designs that best address these gaps, including screening trials, treatment trials and observational evidence across a broad variety of conditions.
Making guidelines for colon cancer screening : evidence, policy, and politics / David Ransohoff.
Ransohoff, David F. National Institutes of Health (U.S.),
(CIT): Medicine: Mind the Gap is a seminar series that explores research design, measurement, intervention, data analysis, and other methods of interest to prevention science. A major goal of clinical practice guidelines is to maximize benefit and minimize harm for patients. Yet many guidelines are made by many organizations and often they conflict on the same topic, so that Congress commissioned the Institute of Medicine to write a report about how to identify "guidelines you can trust." This seminar will illustrate challenges and practical realities in guidelines-making by describing the evolution of evidence and of guidelines for colon cancer screening. The goal is to understand the relationship between evidence, policy, and politics and to identify current challenges in making high-quality guidelines.
Colonic Neoplasms--diagnosis Health Policy Practice Guidelines as Topic